Twenty-five patients with symptoms of myofascial pain and abnormal jaw function were treated with use of a full arch maxillary occlusal splint. The level of nocturnal activity of the masseter muscle was monitored as were symptoms before, during, and after occlusal splint therapy. A decreased nocturnal EMG level during treatment was noted for 52% of the patients. A return to pretreatment EMG levels after removal of the splint was noticed in 92% of the patients; in 28% no change was shown and in 20%, an increase was shown in nocturnal EMG levels. The splint was most likely to reduce nocturnal EMG levels in patients with least severe symptoms.
ASJC Scopus subject areas