New potential cell source for hepatocyte transplantation: Discarded livers from metabolic disease liver transplants

Roberto Gramignoli, Veysel Tahan, Kenneth Dorko, Kristen J. Skvorak, Marc C. Hansel, Wenchen Zhao, Raman Venkataramanan, Ewa C.S. Ellis, Carl Jorns, Bo Goran Ericzon, Staffan Rosenborg, Raoul Kuiper, Kyle A. Soltys, George V. Mazariegos, Ira J. Fox, Elizabeth M. Wilson, Markus Grompe, Stephen C. Strom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Domino liver transplantation is a method used to increase the number of liver grafts available for orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Reports indicate that livers from patients with metabolic liver disease can be safely transplanted into select recipients if the donor's defect and the recipient's metabolic needs are carefully considered. The liver of patients with many types of metabolic liver disease is morphologically and biochemically normal, except for the mutation that characterizes that disease. Other biochemical functions normally performed by the liver are present and presumably "normal" in these hepatocytes. Hepatocytes were isolated from the liver of 35 organ donors and 35 liver tissues taken at OLT from patients with liver disease were analyzed for 9 different measures of viability and function. The data indicate that cells isolated from some diseased livers performed as well or better than those isolated from organ donors with respect to viability, cell yield, plating efficiency and in assays of liver function, including drug metabolism, conjugation reactions and ammonia metabolism. Cells from metabolic diseased livers rapidly and efficiently repopulated a mouse liver upon transplantation. Conclusions: As with domino liver transplantation, domino cell transplantation deserves consideration as method to extend the pool of available organs and cells for transplantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)563-573
Number of pages11
JournalStem Cell Research
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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    Gramignoli, R., Tahan, V., Dorko, K., Skvorak, K. J., Hansel, M. C., Zhao, W., Venkataramanan, R., Ellis, E. C. S., Jorns, C., Ericzon, B. G., Rosenborg, S., Kuiper, R., Soltys, K. A., Mazariegos, G. V., Fox, I. J., Wilson, E. M., Grompe, M., & Strom, S. C. (2013). New potential cell source for hepatocyte transplantation: Discarded livers from metabolic disease liver transplants. Stem Cell Research, 11(1), 563-573. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scr.2013.03.002