Neutropenic Enterocolitis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Neutropenic enterocolitis, also known as typhlitis or ileocecal syndrome, is a rare but important complication of neutropenia associated with malignancy. It occurs as a result of chemotherapeutic damage to the intestinal mucosa in the context of an absolute neutropenia, and can rapidly progress to intestinal perforation, multisystem organ failure, and sepsis. Presenting signs and symptoms may include fever, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Rapid identification by emergency physicians and timely, aggressive medical and/or surgical intervention are the cornerstones of survival for these patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)415-422
Number of pages8
JournalEmergency Medicine Clinics of North America
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

Fingerprint

Neutropenic Enterocolitis
Neutropenia
Typhlitis
Intestinal Perforation
Intestinal Mucosa
Nausea
Abdominal Pain
Signs and Symptoms
Vomiting
Diarrhea
Sepsis
Emergencies
Fever
Physicians
Survival
Neoplasms

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Chemotherapy
  • Enterocolitis
  • Fever
  • Neutropenia
  • Typhlitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine

Cite this

Neutropenic Enterocolitis. / Cloutier, Robert.

In: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America, Vol. 27, No. 3, 2009, p. 415-422.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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