Neutralization of SARS-CoV-2 variants by convalescent and BNT162b2 vaccinated serum

Timothy A. Bates, Hans C. Leier, Zoe L. Lyski, Savannah K. McBride, Felicity J. Coulter, Jules B. Weinstein, James R. Goodman, Zhengchun Lu, Sarah A.R. Siegel, Peter Sullivan, Matt Strnad, Amanda E. Brunton, David X. Lee, Andrew C. Adey, Benjamin N. Bimber, Brian J. O’Roak, Marcel E. Curlin, William B. Messer, Fikadu G. Tafesse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

SARS-CoV-2 and its variants continue to infect hundreds of thousands every day despite the rollout of effective vaccines. Therefore, it is essential to understand the levels of protection that these vaccines provide in the face of emerging variants. Here, we report two demographically balanced cohorts of BNT162b2 vaccine recipients and COVID-19 patients, from which we evaluate neutralizing antibody titers against SARS-CoV-2 as well as the B.1.1.7 (alpha) and B.1.351 (beta) variants. We show that both B.1.1.7 and B.1.351 are less well neutralized by serum from vaccinated individuals, and that B.1.351, but not B.1.1.7, is less well neutralized by convalescent serum. We also find that the levels of variant-specific anti-spike antibodies are proportional to neutralizing activities. Together, our results demonstrate the escape of the emerging SARS-CoV-2 variants from neutralization by serum antibodies, which may lead to reduced protection from re-infection or increased risk of vaccine breakthrough.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5135
JournalNature communications
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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