Neurotoxins and their Neurotoxicology

M. I. Sabri, P. S. Spencer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Many chemicals produce neurotoxicity by acting directly on nerve cells, and others may interfere with metabolic processes on which the nervous system depends. Naturally occurring and synthetic chemicals and drugs, drugs of abuse, pesticides, occupational chemicals, and food contaminants can also induce neurotoxicity and cause human neurological diseases. Each year millions of people are exposed to neurotoxicants. Many epidemics of neurotoxic diseases have occurred throughout the world, including the United States. Ataxia and blindness caused by mercury contamination in Japan, fungicide-treated grain in Iraq; neuropathy caused by tri-. o-cresylphosphate (TOCP) in Morocco; toxic oil syndrome in Spain; and tremors and motor disturbances caused by the pesticide Kepone in the United States are some of the examples of human neurotoxic diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Neuroscience
PublisherElsevier Ltd
Pages1043-1050
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9780080450469
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009

Keywords

  • Delayed neurotoxicity
  • Nerve agents
  • Neurotoxic chemicals
  • Neurotoxic compounds
  • Neurotoxic disorders
  • Neurotoxicant
  • Neurotoxicity
  • Neurotoxicology
  • Neurotoxin
  • Organophosphorus compounds
  • Peripheral neuropathy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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  • Cite this

    Sabri, M. I., & Spencer, P. S. (2009). Neurotoxins and their Neurotoxicology. In Encyclopedia of Neuroscience (pp. 1043-1050). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-008045046-9.00600-8