The Scoliosis Research Society has developed an updated information statement on intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring of spinal cord function during spinal deformity surgery. The statement reviews the risks of spinal cord compromise associated with spinal deformity surgery; the statement then discusses the various modalities that are available to monitor the spinal cord, including somatosensory-evoked potentials, motor-evoked potentials, and electromyographic (EMG) options. Anesthesia considerations, the importance of a thoughtful team approach to successful monitoring, and the utility of checklists are also discussed. Finally, the statement expresses the opinion that utilization of intraoperative neurophysiological spinal cord monitoring in spinal deformity surgery is the standard of care when the spinal cord is at risk.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine