Neuropeptide Y suppresses thermogenic and cardiovascular sympathetic nerve activity via Y1 receptors in the paraventricular nucleus and dorsomedial hypothalamus

Zhigang Shi, Alyssa C. Bonillas, Jennifer Wong, Stephanie L. Padilla, Virginia L. Brooks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In hungry animals, neuropeptide Y (NPY) neurones in the arcuate nucleus (ArcN) are activated to suppress energy expenditure, in part by decreasing brown adipose tissue sympathetic nerve activity (BAT SNA); however, the NPY receptor subtype and brain neurocircuitry are unclear. In the present study, we investigated the inhibition of BAT SNA by exogenous and endogenous NPY via binding to Y1 receptors (NPY1R) in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) and dorsomedial hypothalamus (DMH), in anaesthetised male rats. Downstream projections of PVN/DMH NPY1R-expressing neurones were identified using male Npy1r-cre mice and localised unilateral DMH or PVN injections of an adeno-associated virus, which allows for the cre-dependent expression of a fluorescent protein (mCherry) in the cell bodies, axon fibres and nerve terminals of NPY1R-containing neurones. Nanoinjections of NPY into the DMH of cooled rats decreased BAT SNA, as well as mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR), and these responses were reversed by subsequent injection of the selective NPY1R antagonist, BIBO3304. In warmed rats, with little to no BAT SNA, bilateral nanoinjections of BIBO3304 into the DMH or PVN increased BAT SNA, MAP and HR. DMH NPY1R-expressing neurones projected heavily to the raphe pallidus (RPa), which houses BAT presympathetic neurones, as well as the PVN. In anaesthetised mice, DMH BIBO3304 increased splanchnic SNA, MAP and HR, all of which were reversed by nonselective blockade of the PVN with muscimol, suggesting that DMH-to-PVN connections are involved in this DMH BIBO3304 disinhibition. PVN Y1R expressing neurones also projected to the RPa, as well as to the nucleus tractus solitarius. We conclude that NPY tonically released in the DMH and PVN suppresses BAT SNA, MAP and HR via Y1R. Downstream neuropathways for BAT SNA may utilise direct projections to the RPa. Release of tonic NPY inhibition of BAT SNA may contribute to feeding- and diet-induced thermogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere13006
JournalJournal of Neuroendocrinology
Volume33
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021

Keywords

  • Neuropeptide Y
  • Y1 receptor
  • brown adipose tissue sympathetic nerve activity
  • dorsomedial hypothalamus
  • paraventricular nucleus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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