Neurologic impairment following closed head injury predicts post-traumatic neurogenesis

L. E. Villasana, G. L. Westbrook, E. Schnell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the mammalian hippocampus, neurogenesis persists into adulthood, and increased generation of newborn neurons could be of clinical benefit following concussive head injuries. Post-traumatic neurogenesis has been well documented using "open" traumatic brain injury (TBI) models in rodents; however, human TBI most commonly involves closed head injury. Here we used a closed head injury (CHI) model to examine post-traumatic hippocampal neurogenesis in mice. All mice were subjected to the same CHI protocol, and a gross-motor based injury severity score was used to characterize neurologic impairment 1. h after the injury. When analyzed 2. weeks later, post-traumatic neurogenesis was significantly increased only in mice with a high degree of transient neurologic impairment immediately after injury. This increase was associated with an early increase in c-fos activity, and subsequent reactive astrocytosis and microglial activation in the dentate gyrus. Our results demonstrate that the initial degree of neurologic impairment after closed head injury predicts the induction of secondary physiologic and pathophysiologic processes, and that animals with severe neurologic impairment early after injury manifest an increase in post-traumatic neurogenesis in the absence of gross anatomic pathology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)156-162
Number of pages7
JournalExperimental Neurology
Volume261
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2014

Keywords

  • Adult neurogenesis
  • Closed head injury
  • Hippocampus
  • Neurologic severity score
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Developmental Neuroscience

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