Neural mechanisms of cancer cachexia

Brennan Olson, Parham Diba, Tetiana Korzun, Daniel L. Marks

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nearly half of cancer patients suffer from cachexia, a metabolic syndrome characterized by progressive atrophy of fat and lean body mass. This state of excess catabolism decreases quality of life, ability to tolerate treatment and eventual survival, yet no effective therapies exist. Although the central nervous system (CNS) orchestrates several manifestations of cachexia, the precise mechanisms of neural dysfunction during cachexia are still being unveiled. Herein, we summarize the cellular and molecular mechanisms of CNS dysfunction during cancer cachexia with a focus on inflammatory, autonomic and neuroendocrine processes and end with a discussion of recently identified CNS mediators of cachexia, including GDF15, LCN2 and INSL3.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3990
JournalCancers
Volume13
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2 2021

Keywords

  • Autonomic nervous system
  • Cachexia
  • Cancer
  • Cytokines
  • GDF15
  • INSL3
  • LCN2
  • Neuroendocrinology
  • Neuroinflammation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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