Networks mediating the clinical effects of pallidal brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease. A PET study of resting-state glucose metabolism

M. Fukuda, M. J. Mentis, Y. Ma, V. Dhawan, A. Antonini, A. E. Lang, A. M. Lozano, J. Hammerstad, K. Lyons, W. C. Koller, J. R. Moeller, D. Eidelberg

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Abstract

Employing [ 18F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) and PET, we have found previously that stereotaxic ablation of the internal globus pallidus (GPi) for Parkinson's disease causes resting metabolic changes in brain regions remote from the lesion site. In this study we determined whether similar metabolic changes occur in Parkinson's disease patients treated with deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the GPi. We studied seven Parkinson's disease patients with FDG-PET to measure resting regional cerebral glucose utilization on and off GPi stimulation. We used statistical parametric mapping to identify significant changes in regional brain metabolism that occurred with this intervention. We also quantified stimulation-related changes in the expression of a specific abnormal Parkinson's disease-related pattern of metabolic covariation (PDRP) that had been identified in earlier FDG-PET studies. Metabolic changes with DBS were correlated with clinical improvement as measured by changes in Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) motor ratings off medication. GPi DBS improved UPDRS motor ratings (36%, P < 0.001) and significantly increased regional glucose metabolism in the premotor cortex ipsilateral to stimulation and in the cerebellum bilaterally. GPi DBS also resulted in a significant (P < 0.01) decline in PDRP activity ipsilateral to stimulation, which correlated significantly with clinical improvement in UPDRS motor ratings (P < 0.03). Clinical improvement with GPi DBS is associated with reduced expression of an abnormal Parkinson's disease-related metabolic network involving elements of the cortico-striato-pallido-thalamocortical and the cerebello-cortical motor loops.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1601-1609
Number of pages9
JournalBrain
Volume124
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 20 2001

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Keywords

  • Brain networks
  • Deep brain stimulation
  • PET
  • Parkinson's disease
  • [ F]fluorodeoxyglucose

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Fukuda, M., Mentis, M. J., Ma, Y., Dhawan, V., Antonini, A., Lang, A. E., Lozano, A. M., Hammerstad, J., Lyons, K., Koller, W. C., Moeller, J. R., & Eidelberg, D. (2001). Networks mediating the clinical effects of pallidal brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease. A PET study of resting-state glucose metabolism. Brain, 124(8), 1601-1609.