Neonatal outcomes in women with sonographically identified uterine leiomyomata

Jasmine Lai, Aaron Caughey, G. Iram Qidwai, Alison F. Jacoby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective.We sought to compare perinatal outcomes between women with and without leiomyomata. Study design.This is a retrospective cohort study comparing neonatal outcomes in women with and without uterine leiomyomata discovered at routine second trimester obstetric ultrasonography, all of whom delivered at a single institution. Potential confounders such as maternal age, parity, race, ethnicity, medical insurance, previous uterine surgery, fetal presentation, length of labor, mode of delivery, presence of placenta previa, placental abruption, chorioamnionitis, and epidural use were controlled for using multivariable logistic regression. Results.From 1993 to 2003, 15,104 women underwent routine second trimester prenatal ultrasonography, with 401 (2.7%) women identified with at least one leiomyoma. By univariate and multivariable analyses, the presence of leiomyomata was associated with statistically significant increased risks for preterm delivery at 32 weeks: AOR 0.82, 95% CI 0.1-6.2). Conclusion.Regardless of maternal age, ethnicity, and parity, pregnant women with leiomyomata are at increased risk for preterm birth and IUFD. This did not translate to lower birth weight outcomes among term patients, suggesting that LBW is more likely due to preterm birth than growth restriction. These results may be useful for preconception and prenatal counseling of women with leiomyomata.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)710-713
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine
Volume25
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2012

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Leiomyoma
Premature Birth
Maternal Age
Second Pregnancy Trimester
Parity
Labor Presentation
Prenatal Ultrasonography
Placenta Previa
Abruptio Placentae
Chorioamnionitis
Insurance
Birth Weight
Obstetrics
Counseling
Pregnant Women
Ultrasonography
Cohort Studies
Retrospective Studies
Logistic Models
Growth

Keywords

  • Intrauterine fetal demise
  • Leiomyomata
  • Neonatal outcomes
  • Preterm birth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

Neonatal outcomes in women with sonographically identified uterine leiomyomata. / Lai, Jasmine; Caughey, Aaron; Qidwai, G. Iram; Jacoby, Alison F.

In: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, Vol. 25, No. 6, 06.2012, p. 710-713.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lai, Jasmine ; Caughey, Aaron ; Qidwai, G. Iram ; Jacoby, Alison F. / Neonatal outcomes in women with sonographically identified uterine leiomyomata. In: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine. 2012 ; Vol. 25, No. 6. pp. 710-713.
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