Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Length of Stay Reduction by Heart Rate Characteristics Monitoring

Jonathan R. Swanson, William E. King, Robert A. Sinkin, Douglas E. Lake, Waldemar A. Carlo, Robert Schelonka, Peter J. Porcelli, Christina T. Navarrete, Eduardo Bancalari, Judy L. Aschner, Jose A. Perez, T. Michael O'Shea, M. Whit Walker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To examine the effect of heart rate characteristics (HRC) monitoring on length of stay among very low birth weight (VLBW; <1500 g birth weight) neonates in the HeRO randomized controlled trial (RCT). Study design: We performed a retrospective analysis of length of stay metrics among 3 subpopulations (all patients, all survivors, and survivors with positive blood or urine cultures) enrolled in a multicenter, RCT of HRC monitoring. Results: Among all patients in the RCT, infants randomized to receive HRC monitoring were more likely than controls to be discharged alive and prior to day 120 (83.6% vs 80.1%, P =.014). The postmenstrual age at discharge for survivors with positive blood or urine cultures was 3.2 days lower among infants randomized to receive HRC monitoring when compared with controls (P =.026). Although there were trends in other metrics toward reduced length of stay in HRC-monitored patients, none reached statistical significance. Conclusions: HRC monitoring is associated with reduced mortality in VLBW patients and a reduction in length of stay among infected surviving VLBW infants. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00307333.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Pediatrics
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • blood stream infection
  • neonate
  • sepsis
  • UTI
  • very low birth weight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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