Background: The impact of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) on overall and recurrence-free survival (OS, RFS) in resectable intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is poorly characterized. We sought to investigate the association of NAC with oncologic outcomes in ICC. Methods: We identified n = 52 patients with ICC undergoing hepatectomy from 2004 to 2017. Oncologic outcomes were analyzed using Kaplan-Meier and multivariate Cox proportional hazard modeling. Results: The median patient age was 64-years. NAC was administered in ten (19%) patients, most commonly with gemcitabine-cisplatin (n = 8, 80%). Median RFS and OS were 15 months. and 49 months, respectively. Controlling for stage and margins, NAC was independently associated with improved OS (HR 0.16, P = 0.01) but not RFS (HR 0.54, P = 0.27). NAC was not associated with major post-operative complications (P = 0.25) or R1 margins (P = 0.58). Conclusion: NAC in ICC may hold oncologic benefits beyond downstaging borderline resectable disease, such as identifying patients with favorable biology who are more likely to benefit from resection.
- Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma
- Neoadjuvant chemotherapy
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