In the course of determining tumor profiles for wild-type and recombinant mouse polyoma viruses (MPyV's), we fortuitously discovered two types of necrotizing arterial disease in polyoma tumor-bearing C3H/BiDa mice. One type, designated BLAND, consisted of foci of necrosis unaccompanied by inflammatory reaction, in the muscular coat of aorta, pulmonary arterial trunk, and primary or occasionally secondary branches of these vessels. BLAND lesions contained MPyV capsid antigen VP1 as shown by immunocytochemistry, and appeared to be the result of viral cytolytic infection within artery walls. Lesions of the second type are designated PANoid in view of their resemblance to polyarteritis nodosa in humans. PANoid lesions had much the same distribution in the arterial tree as BLAND lesions and were also focal, but had the histologic properties of highly destructive acute inflammatory reactions. Specifically, there were dense infiltrations of polymorphonuclear leukocytes in any and often all coats of the arterial wall, acute fibrinoid necrosis, endothelial proliferations, intravascular thrombosis, and in one example, rupture of the intimal and medial coats with microaneurysm formation. In the acute phase, PANoid lesions exhibited attenuation, fragmentation, and loss of elastic laminae, and in the healing phase, intimal and medial fibrosis with varying degrees of lumenal occlusion. PANoid lesions gave negative immunocytochemical reactions for MPyV capsid antigen VP1, indicating either that the antigen was not present, or that it was masked in complexes with antibody and C3. BLAND lesions were found in 51% of 459 MPyV-infected mice, while PANoid lesions were found in 11%. There was no sex predilection for either type lesion, and practically all mice with lesions fell within ages 60-200 days. We suspect the PANoid lesions are examples of immune-complex arteritis related to persistent MPyV infection, but support for this hypothesis is presently tenuous, resting entirely on the coexistence of BLAND and PANoid lesions in MPyV-infected mice and the histological resemblance of PANoid lesions to naturally occurring and experimentally induced immune complex arteritis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||25|
|Journal||Journal of experimental pathology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine