Near-infrared laser thermal conjunctivoplasty

Jianlong Yang, Rahul Chandwani, Varun Gopinatth, Tim Boyce, Stephen C. Pflugfelder, David Huang, Gangjun Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Conjunctivochalasis is a common cause of tear dysfunction due to the conjunctiva becoming loose and wrinkly with age. The current solutions to this disease include either surgical excision in the operating room, or thermoreduction of the loose tissue with hot wire in the clinic. We developed a near-infrared laser thermal conjunctivoplasty system. The system utilizes a 1460-nm programmable laser diode system as the light source. At this wavelength, a water absorption peak exists and the blood absorption is minimal, so the heating of redundant conjunctiva is even and there is no bleeding. A miniaturized handheld probe delivers the laser light and reshapes the laser into a 10 × 1 mm2 line on the working plane. A foot pedal is used to deliver a preset number of calibrated laser pulses. A fold of loose conjunctiva is grasped by a pair of forceps. The NIR laser light is delivered through an optical fiber and a laser line is aimed exactly on the conjunctival fold by a cylindrical lens. Ex vivo experiments using porcine eye was performed to investigate the induced shrinkage of conjunctiva and decide the optimal laser parameters. It was found that up to 45% of conjunctiva shrinkage could be achieved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3863
JournalScientific Reports
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

Fingerprint

conjunctiva
infrared lasers
lasers
shrinkage
pedals
bleeding
blood
rooms
fiber lasers
light sources
optical fibers
semiconductor lasers
lenses
wire
heating
probes
causes
pulses
wavelengths
water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Yang, J., Chandwani, R., Gopinatth, V., Boyce, T., Pflugfelder, S. C., Huang, D., & Liu, G. (2018). Near-infrared laser thermal conjunctivoplasty. Scientific Reports, 8(1), [3863]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-22204-0

Near-infrared laser thermal conjunctivoplasty. / Yang, Jianlong; Chandwani, Rahul; Gopinatth, Varun; Boyce, Tim; Pflugfelder, Stephen C.; Huang, David; Liu, Gangjun.

In: Scientific Reports, Vol. 8, No. 1, 3863, 01.12.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yang, J, Chandwani, R, Gopinatth, V, Boyce, T, Pflugfelder, SC, Huang, D & Liu, G 2018, 'Near-infrared laser thermal conjunctivoplasty', Scientific Reports, vol. 8, no. 1, 3863. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-22204-0
Yang J, Chandwani R, Gopinatth V, Boyce T, Pflugfelder SC, Huang D et al. Near-infrared laser thermal conjunctivoplasty. Scientific Reports. 2018 Dec 1;8(1). 3863. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-22204-0
Yang, Jianlong ; Chandwani, Rahul ; Gopinatth, Varun ; Boyce, Tim ; Pflugfelder, Stephen C. ; Huang, David ; Liu, Gangjun. / Near-infrared laser thermal conjunctivoplasty. In: Scientific Reports. 2018 ; Vol. 8, No. 1.
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