The unprecedented increase in preclinical studies necessitates high-throughput, inexpensive, and straightforward methods for evaluating diseased tissues. Near-infrared imaging of live subjects is a versatile, cost-effective technology that can be effectively used in a variety of pathologic conditions. We have characterized an inexpensive optoelectronic chemical, IR-820, as an infrared blood pool contrast agent to detect and quantify diseased tissue in live animals. IR-820 has maximal excitation and emission wavelengths of 710 and 820 nm, respectively. IR-820 emission is significantly improved in vivo on serum binding to albumin, and elimination occurs predominantly via the gastrointestinal tract. We demonstrate the utility of this contrast agent for serially imaging of traumatized tissue (muscle), tissue following reperfusion (eg, stroke), and tumors. IR-820 can also be employed to map regional lymph nodes. This novel contrast agent is anticipated to be a useful and an inexpensive tool for screening a wide variety of preclinical models of human diseases.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Molecular Medicine
- Biomedical Engineering
- Condensed Matter Physics