Nationwide shift from microscopic to endoscopic transsphenoidal pituitary surgery

John D. Rolston, Seunggu J. Han, Manish K. Aghi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

29 Scopus citations


Purpose: Transsphenoidal pituitary surgery can be carried out with either an operating microscope or with an endoscope, but the relative frequency of both techniques is unknown. Methods: All microscopic and endoscopic transsphenoidal pituitary surgeries were extracted from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Part B data files between the years 2003 and 2013. National and state-level trends were compared over time. Results: Endoscopic surgery significantly increased and microscopic surgery significantly decreased over the years 2003–2013. Thirty-eight of 48 states increased their use of endoscopic surgery, while 38 of 48 states decreased their use of microscopic surgery. Conclusions: Nationwide data show a clear trend for an increasing use of endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery at the expense of microscopic surgery. The underlying causes of these trends are unknown, but clearly deserve further investigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)248-250
Number of pages3
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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