National Cancer Institute Workshop on Artificial Intelligence in Radiation Oncology: Training the Next Generation

John Kang, Reid F. Thompson, Sanjay Aneja, Constance Lehman, Andrew Trister, James Zou, Ceferino Obcemea, Issam El Naqa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Purpose: Artificial intelligence (AI) is about to touch every aspect of radiation therapy, from consultation to treatment planning, quality assurance, therapy delivery, and outcomes modeling. There is an urgent need to train radiation oncologists and medical physicists in data science to help shepherd AI solutions into clinical practice. Poorly trained personnel may do more harm than good when attempting to apply rapidly developing and complex technologies. As the amount of AI research expands in our field, the radiation oncology community needs to discuss how to educate future generations in this area. Methods and Materials: The National Cancer Institute (NCI) Workshop on AI in Radiation Oncology (Shady Grove, MD, April 4-5, 2019) was the first of 2 data science workshops in radiation oncology hosted by the NCI in 2019. During this workshop, the Training and Education Working Group was formed by volunteers among the invited attendees. Its members represent radiation oncology, medical physics, radiology, computer science, industry, and the NCI. Results: In this perspective article written by members of the Training and Education Working Group, we provide and discuss action points relevant for future trainees interested in radiation oncology AI: (1) creating AI awareness and responsible conduct; (2) implementing a practical didactic curriculum; (3) creating a publicly available database of training resources; and (4) accelerating learning and funding opportunities. Conclusion: Together, these action points can facilitate the translation of AI into clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)74-83
Number of pages10
JournalPractical Radiation Oncology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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