National athletic trainers' association position statement: Anabolic-androgenic steroids

Robert D. Kersey, Diane L. Elliot, Linn Goldberg, Gen Kanayama, James E. Leone, Mike Pavlovich, Harrison G. Pope

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


Objective: This manuscript summarizes the best available scholarly evidence related to anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) as a reference for health care professionals, including athletic trainers, educators, and interested others. Background: Health care professionals associated with sports or exercise should understand and be prepared to educate others about AAS. These synthetic, testosteronebased derivatives are widely abused by athletes and nonathletes to gain athletic performance advantages, develop their physiques, and improve their body image. Although AAS can be ergogenic, their abuse may lead to numerous negative health effects. Recommendations: Abusers of AAS often rely on questionable information sources. Sports medicine professionals can therefore serve an important role by providing accurate, reliable information. The recommendations provide health care professionals with a current and accurate synopsis of the AAS-related research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)567-588
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of athletic training
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Abuse
  • Androgen
  • Athletes
  • Doping
  • Drugs
  • Ergogenic aids
  • Sport
  • Testosterone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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