Nanoscopic Spatial Association between Ras and Phosphatidylserine on the Cell Membrane Studied with Multicolor Super Resolution Microscopy

Anna M. Koester, Kai Tao, Malwina Szczepaniak, Matthew J. Rames, Xiaolin Nan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Recent work suggests that Ras small GTPases interact with the anionic lipid phosphatidylserine (PS) in an isoform-specific manner, with direct implications for their biological functions. Studies on PS-Ras associations in cells, however, have relied on immuno-EM imaging of membrane sheets. To study their spatial relationships in intact cells, we have combined the use of Lact-C2-GFP, a biosensor for PS, with multicolor super resolution imaging based on DNA-PAINT. At ~20 nm spatial resolution, the resulting super resolution images clearly show the nonuniform molecular distribution of PS on the cell membrane and its co-enrichment with caveolae, as well as with unidentified membrane structures. Two-color imaging followed by spatial analysis shows that KRas-G12D and HRas-G12V both co-enrich with PS in model U2OS cells, confirming previous observations, yet exhibit clear differences in their association patterns. Whereas HRas-G12V is almost always co-enriched with PS, KRas-G12D is strongly co-enriched with PS in about half of the cells, with the other half exhibiting a more moderate association. In addition, perturbations to the actin cytoskeleton differentially impact PS association with the two Ras isoforms. These results suggest that PS-Ras association is context-dependent and demonstrate the utility of multiplexed super resolution imaging in defining the complex interplay between Ras and the membrane.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1033
JournalBiomolecules
Volume12
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2022

Keywords

  • actin cytoskeleton
  • colocalization analysis
  • DNA-PAINT
  • membrane nanodomains
  • nanoclusters
  • phosphatidylserine
  • Ras dimers
  • Ras GTPases
  • super resolution microscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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