To date there has been no general consensus regarding the effectiveness of N-acetylcysteine as a protective therapy against contrast medium-induced nephropathy. Several phase III clinical trials have been conducted without a proper understanding of N-acetylcysteine pharmacology, particularly with regard to first-pass hepatic metabolism. A review was conducted of the literature concerning contrast medium-induced nephropathy and new studies of human N-acetylcysteine pharmacology were performed. After an analysis was performed, it was concluded that further phase I and phase II trials are needed. The efficacy of N-acetylcysteine in the prevention of contrast medium-induced nephropathy may be demonstrated with the use of higher doses than used in earlier studies, in combination with parenteral administration.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine