Myelin repair stimulated by CNS-selective thyroid hormone action

Meredith D. Hartley, Tania Banerji, Ian J. Tagge, Lisa L. Kirkemo, Priya Chaudhary, Evan Calkins, Danielle Galipeau, Mitra D. Shokat, Margaret J. DeBell, Shelby Van Leuven, Hannah Miller, Gail Marracci, Edvinas Pocius, Tapasree Banerji, Skylar J. Ferrara, J. Matthew Meinig, Ben Emery, Dennis Bourdette, Thomas S. Scanlan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Oligodendrocyte processes wrap axons to form neuroprotective myelin sheaths, and damage to myelin in disorders, such as multiple sclerosis (MS), leads to neurodegeneration and disability. There are currently no approved treatments for MS that stimulate myelin repair. During development, thyroid hormone (TH) promotes myelination through enhancing oligodendrocyte differentiation; however, TH itself is unsuitable as a remyelination therapy due to adverse systemic effects. This problem is overcome with selective TH agonists, sobetirome and a CNS-selective prodrug of sobetirome called Sob-AM2. We show here that TH and sobetirome stimulated remyelination in standard gliotoxin models of demyelination. We then utilized a genetic mouse model of demyelination and remyelination, in which we employed motor function tests, histology, and MRI to demonstrate that chronic treatment with sobetirome or Sob-AM2 leads to significant improvement in both clinical signs and remyelination. In contrast, chronic treatment with TH in this model inhibited the endogenous myelin repair and exacerbated disease. These results support the clinical investigation of selective CNS-penetrating TH agonists, but not TH, for myelin repair.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere126329
JournalJCI Insight
Volume4
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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    Hartley, M. D., Banerji, T., Tagge, I. J., Kirkemo, L. L., Chaudhary, P., Calkins, E., Galipeau, D., Shokat, M. D., DeBell, M. J., Van Leuven, S., Miller, H., Marracci, G., Pocius, E., Banerji, T., Ferrara, S. J., Meinig, J. M., Emery, B., Bourdette, D., & Scanlan, T. S. (2019). Myelin repair stimulated by CNS-selective thyroid hormone action. JCI Insight, 4(8), [e126329]. https://doi.org/10.1172/JCI.INSIGHT.126329