Mutational alteration of membrane phospholipid composition and voltage-sensitive ion channel function in paramecium.

Michael Forte, Y. Satow, D. Nelson, C. Kung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A behavioral mutant of Paramecium tetraurelia (baA) has been isolated that has an abnormal response when placed in solutions containing Ba2+. This mutant is shown here to have a dramatic alteration of the sphingolipid and phosphonolipid composition of its ciliary membrane. This biochemical defect is present in independently isolated alleles at baA locus and segregates in crosses with the behavioral phenotype. Electrophysiologically, the mutation reduces significantly conductance of both voltage-sensitive Ca2+ channels and voltage-sensitive K+ channels. When the mutant is grown in sterol-supplemented medium, its behavior, electrophysiological properties, and lipid composition are hardly distinguishable from wild type grown under similar conditions. This mutant then, provides strong evidence that membrane lipids significantly influence the function of the membrane molecules responsible for the generation of action potentials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7195-7199
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume78
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1981
Externally publishedYes

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Paramecium
Ion Channels
Phospholipids
Paramecium tetraurelia
Sphingolipids
Membranes
Sterols
Membrane Lipids
Action Potentials
Alleles
Phenotype
Lipids
Mutation
phosphonolipids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General
  • Genetics

Cite this

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abstract = "A behavioral mutant of Paramecium tetraurelia (baA) has been isolated that has an abnormal response when placed in solutions containing Ba2+. This mutant is shown here to have a dramatic alteration of the sphingolipid and phosphonolipid composition of its ciliary membrane. This biochemical defect is present in independently isolated alleles at baA locus and segregates in crosses with the behavioral phenotype. Electrophysiologically, the mutation reduces significantly conductance of both voltage-sensitive Ca2+ channels and voltage-sensitive K+ channels. When the mutant is grown in sterol-supplemented medium, its behavior, electrophysiological properties, and lipid composition are hardly distinguishable from wild type grown under similar conditions. This mutant then, provides strong evidence that membrane lipids significantly influence the function of the membrane molecules responsible for the generation of action potentials.",
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T1 - Mutational alteration of membrane phospholipid composition and voltage-sensitive ion channel function in paramecium.

AU - Forte, Michael

AU - Satow, Y.

AU - Nelson, D.

AU - Kung, C.

PY - 1981/11

Y1 - 1981/11

N2 - A behavioral mutant of Paramecium tetraurelia (baA) has been isolated that has an abnormal response when placed in solutions containing Ba2+. This mutant is shown here to have a dramatic alteration of the sphingolipid and phosphonolipid composition of its ciliary membrane. This biochemical defect is present in independently isolated alleles at baA locus and segregates in crosses with the behavioral phenotype. Electrophysiologically, the mutation reduces significantly conductance of both voltage-sensitive Ca2+ channels and voltage-sensitive K+ channels. When the mutant is grown in sterol-supplemented medium, its behavior, electrophysiological properties, and lipid composition are hardly distinguishable from wild type grown under similar conditions. This mutant then, provides strong evidence that membrane lipids significantly influence the function of the membrane molecules responsible for the generation of action potentials.

AB - A behavioral mutant of Paramecium tetraurelia (baA) has been isolated that has an abnormal response when placed in solutions containing Ba2+. This mutant is shown here to have a dramatic alteration of the sphingolipid and phosphonolipid composition of its ciliary membrane. This biochemical defect is present in independently isolated alleles at baA locus and segregates in crosses with the behavioral phenotype. Electrophysiologically, the mutation reduces significantly conductance of both voltage-sensitive Ca2+ channels and voltage-sensitive K+ channels. When the mutant is grown in sterol-supplemented medium, its behavior, electrophysiological properties, and lipid composition are hardly distinguishable from wild type grown under similar conditions. This mutant then, provides strong evidence that membrane lipids significantly influence the function of the membrane molecules responsible for the generation of action potentials.

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