Mutagenic potential of nitrogen mustard-induced formamidopyrimidine DNA adduct: Contribution of the non-canonical α-anomer

Irina G. Minko, Carmelo J. Rizzo, R. Stephen Lloyd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Nitrogen mustards (NMs) are DNA-alkylating compounds that represent the earliest anticancer drugs. However, clinical use of NMs is limited because of their own mutagenic properties. The mechanisms of NM-induced mutagenesis remain unclear. The major product of DNA alkylation by NMs is a cationic NM-N7-dG adduct that can yield the imidazole ringfragmented lesion, N5-NM-substituted formamidopyrimidine (NM-Fapy-dG). Characterization of this adduct is complicated because it adopts different conformations, including both a canonical β- and an unnatural α-anomeric configuration. Although formation of NM-Fapy-dG in cellular DNA has been demonstrated, its potential role in NM-induced mutagenesis is unknown. Here, we created site-specifically modified singlestranded vectors for replication in primate (COS7) or Escherichia coli cells. In COS7 cells, NM-Fapy-dG caused targeted mutations, predominantly G → T transversions, with overall frequencies of 11-12%. These frequencies were ~2-fold higher than that induced by 8-oxo-dG adduct. Replication in E. coli was essentially error-free. To elucidate themechanismsof bypass of NM-Fapy-dG, we performed replication assays in vitro with a high-fidelity DNA polymerase, Saccharomyces cerevisiae polymerase (pol) δ. It was found that pol δ could catalyze high-fidelity synthesis past NMFapy-dG, but only on a template subpopulation, presumably containing the β-anomeric adduct. Consistent with the low mutagenic potential of the β-anomer in vitro, the mutation frequency was significantly reduced when conditions for vector preparation were modified to favor this configuration. Collectively, these data implicate the α-anomeras amajorcontributor toNM-Fapy-dG-induced mutagenesis in primate cells.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages18790-18799
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume292
Issue number46
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

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Mechlorethamine
DNA Adducts
Mutagenesis
Escherichia coli
Primates
DNA
Alkylation
Mutation Rate
DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase
Yeast
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Conformations
Assays
N6-(2-deoxy-erythro-pentofuranosyl)-2,6-diamino-4-hydroxy-5-formamidopyrimidine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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Mutagenic potential of nitrogen mustard-induced formamidopyrimidine DNA adduct : Contribution of the non-canonical α-anomer. / Minko, Irina G.; Rizzo, Carmelo J.; Stephen Lloyd, R.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 292, No. 46, 01.01.2017, p. 18790-18799.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Nitrogen mustards (NMs) are DNA-alkylating compounds that represent the earliest anticancer drugs. However, clinical use of NMs is limited because of their own mutagenic properties. The mechanisms of NM-induced mutagenesis remain unclear. The major product of DNA alkylation by NMs is a cationic NM-N7-dG adduct that can yield the imidazole ringfragmented lesion, N5-NM-substituted formamidopyrimidine (NM-Fapy-dG). Characterization of this adduct is complicated because it adopts different conformations, including both a canonical β- and an unnatural α-anomeric configuration. Although formation of NM-Fapy-dG in cellular DNA has been demonstrated, its potential role in NM-induced mutagenesis is unknown. Here, we created site-specifically modified singlestranded vectors for replication in primate (COS7) or Escherichia coli cells. In COS7 cells, NM-Fapy-dG caused targeted mutations, predominantly G → T transversions, with overall frequencies of 11-12{\%}. These frequencies were ~2-fold higher than that induced by 8-oxo-dG adduct. Replication in E. coli was essentially error-free. To elucidate themechanismsof bypass of NM-Fapy-dG, we performed replication assays in vitro with a high-fidelity DNA polymerase, Saccharomyces cerevisiae polymerase (pol) δ. It was found that pol δ could catalyze high-fidelity synthesis past NMFapy-dG, but only on a template subpopulation, presumably containing the β-anomeric adduct. Consistent with the low mutagenic potential of the β-anomer in vitro, the mutation frequency was significantly reduced when conditions for vector preparation were modified to favor this configuration. Collectively, these data implicate the α-anomeras amajorcontributor toNM-Fapy-dG-induced mutagenesis in primate cells.",
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