We have previously detected a sorting signal in the amino-terminal 78 residues of rat preprosomatostatin (rPPSS) that targets the precursor into a regulated secretory pathway or pathways allowing proteolytic maturation (Sevarino, K. A., Stork, P., Ventimiglia, R., Mandel, G., and Goodman, R. H. (1989) Cell 57, 11-19). To further localize this signal, we constructed three rPPSS expression vectors that code for substitutions or mutations spanning that portion of rPPSS implicated in sorting, and the precursors were expressed in RIN 5F cells. Fractionation of the intracellular products revealed that accurate processing to somatostatin-14 (SS-14) was not affected by any of the mutations. Examination of the secreted products showed no reduction in processing efficiency, indicating that none of the mutations blocked sorting from constitutive into regulated secretion. Finally, we examined the response to two separate secretogogues, cAMP and 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). Clones expressing two of the three mutant precursors displayed the same stimulation of SS-14 secretion by exogenously administered cAMP and TPA as cells expressing wild-type rPPSS, indicating that targeting specifically to the secretory pathway, or pathways, responsive to cAMP and TPA was not disrupted. However, cells expressing the mutant precursor containing a substitution of the amino-terminal 34 residues of rPPSS by the amino terminus of the vesicular stomatitis virus G protein displayed greatly reduced stimulation of SS-14 secretion by TPA, with a less than compensatory increase in response to cAMP, when compared to cells expressing wild-type rPPSS. In conjunction with our previous studies with anglerfish preprosomatostatins, we conclude that 1) the sorting signal(s) in rPPSS necessary for cAMP-responsive secretion are redundant and probably reside within both mature peptide regions and extrapeptide regions; 2) two or more distinct regulated secretory pathways utilized by secreted peptides can be demonstrated in transfected endocrine cells and targeting to these pathways can be separately mediated by at least two different types of sorting signals within the neuropeptide precursor itself; and 3) pro-region conformation plays little role in prosomatostatin-processing site recognition.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology