We have examined multiple cofactor usage by yeast tRNA ligase in splicing in vitro. The ligase mechanism of action requires expenditure of two molar equivalents of nucleotide cofactor per mole of tRNA product. Recent evidence (Westaway, S. K., Belford, H. G., Apostol, B. L., Abelson, J., and Greer, C. L. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268, 2435-2443) demonstrated that the ligase- associated kinase activity is more efficient with GTP as cofactor than with ATP. Employing a ligase fusion construct with dihydrofolate reductase (Apostol, B. L., Westaway, S. K., Abelson, J., and Greer, C. L. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266, 7445-7455) for purposes of enzyme purification, we performed joining assays demonstrating that ATP and GTP are the most effective combination of cofactors. ATP was essential to the joining reaction, while UTP, CTP, or ATP replaced GTP inefficiently. Specific and functionally independent binding sites were confirmed for ATP and GTP by direct binding measurement. A third site was implicated in UTP- and CTP-ligase interactions. Comparison of binding constants with K(app) values determined for nucleotide- dependent joining suggested both that nucleotide triphosphate binding may be limiting in tRNA joining and that tRNA ligation occurs most efficiently using GTP for the kinase reaction and ATP as the adenylylate synthetase cofactor.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology