OBJECTIVE. Grade II diffuse gliomas (DGs) with isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) mutations are associated with better prognosis than their IDH wild-type counterparts. We sought to determine the MRI characteristics associated with IDH mutational status and ascertain whether MRI considered in combination with IDH mutational status can better predict the clinical outcomes of grade II DGs. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Preoperative MRI examinations were retrospectively studied for qualitative tumor characteristics, including location, extent, cortical involvement, margin sharpness, cystic component, mineralization or hemorrhage, and contrast enhancement. Quantitative diffusion and perfusion metrics were also assessed. Logistic regression and ROC analyses were used to evaluate the relationship between MRI features and IDH mutational status. The association between IDH mutational status, 1p19q codeletion, MRI features, extent of resection, and clinical outcomes was assessed by Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazards models. RESULTS. Of 100 grade II DGs, 78 were IDH mutant and 22 were IDH wild type. IDH wild-type tumors were associated with older age, multifocality, brainstem involvement, lack of cystic change, and a lower apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC). Multivariable regression showed that age older than 45 years as well as low minimum ADC (ADCmin), mean ADC, and maximum ADC values were independently associated with IDH mutational status. Of these, an ADCmin threshold of 0.9 × 10−3 mm2/s or less provided the greatest sensitivity and specificity (91% and 76%, respectively) in defining IDH wild-type grade II DGs. Combining low ADCmin with IDH wild-type status conferred worse outcomes than did IDH wild-type status alone. CONCLUSION. IDH wild-type grade II DGs are associated with a lower ADC and poor clinical outcomes. Combining IDH mutational status and ADC may allow more accurate prediction of clinical outcomes for patients with grade II DGs.
- Grade II diffuse gliomas
- Isocitrate dehydrogenase
- Low-grade glioma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging