MRG1 binds to the LIM domain of Lhx2 and may function as a coactivator to stimulate glycoprotein hormone α-subunit gene expression

Denis J. Glenn, Richard A. Maurer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

88 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tissue-specific expression of the α-subunit gene of glycoprotein hormones involves an enhancer element designated the pituitary glycoprotein basal element, which interacts with the LIM homeodomain transcription factor, Lhx2. In the present studies we have explored the function of the LIM domain of Lhx2 in stimulating α-subunit transcription. When fused to the GAL4 DNA- binding domain, the LIM domain of Lhx2 was shown to contain a transcriptional activation domain. Furthermore, in the context of an α-subunit reporter gene in which a GAIA-binding site replaced the pituitary glycoprotein basal element, the LIM domain enhanced both basal and Ras-mediated transcription. In addition, a synergistic response to Ras activation was observed when the Lhx2 LIM domain and the transactivation domain of Elk1 are directed to a minimal reporter gene. A yeast two-hybrid screen identified the recently described melanocyte-specific gene-related gene 1 (MRG1) as an Lhx2 LIM- interacting protein. MRG1 was shown to bind Lhx2 in vitro, and a co- immunoprecipitation assay provided evidence that endogenous MRG1 forms a complex with Lhx2 in αT3-1 cells. Expression of MRG1 in αT3-1 cells enhanced α-subunit reporter gene activity. MRG1 was also shown to bind in vitro to the TATA-binding protein and the transcriptional coactivator, p300. These data suggest a model in which the Lhx2 LIM domain activates transcription through interaction with MRG1 leading to recruitment of p300/CBP and the TATA-binding protein.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)36159-36167
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume274
Issue number51
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 17 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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