Motor neurons and Schwann cells distinguish between synaptic and extrasynaptic isoforms of laminin

S. I. Cho, J. Ko, B. L. Patton, J. R. Sanes, A. Y. Chiu

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32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Laminin is a major component of all basement membranes. However, its composition varies with location because there are numerous forms of each of the three chains (α, β, and γ) that together comprise this heterotrimeric molecule. In the neuromuscular system, motor neurons and Schwann cells encounter unique trimers of laminin at different sites. The question thus arises as to whether these local differences in laminin composition act to direct the behavior of these two classes of cells. To address this question, we compared the responses of cultured rat motor neurons and Schwann cells to three forms of rodent laminin purified in our laboratory: Laminin-1 (Lmn-1; α1β1γ1); Laminin-11 (Lmn-11), a synapse-specific isoform consisting of α5β2γ1chains; and a third preparation, a mixture of three kinds of laminin (Lmn-2/4/8), that is enriched for the α2, α4, β1, β2, and γ1 subunits. Schwann cells attached best to a substrate of Lmn-2/4/8 and showed the weakest adhesion on Lmn-11. Interestingly, no such difference was seen with motor neurons; all three substrates promoted neuronal adhesion, survival, and neurite initiation equally well. With longer time in culture, however, these embryonic motor neurons extended extremely long processes on Lmn-1 and on Lmn-2/4/8, while those on Lmn-11 bore shorter neurites with unusually large, flattened growth cones. These results demonstrate thai the behavior of Schwann cells and motor neurons can be regulated directly by the local laminin composition. The precise geometric relationship of these cells at the neuromuscular junction may therefore reflect the unique composition of laminin at this synapse.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)339-358
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Neurobiology
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 1998

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Keywords

  • Laminin-11
  • Motor neurons
  • Neuromuscular junction
  • Schwann cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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