Mortality patterns among hypertensives by reported level of caffeine consumption

Jeanne B. Martin, J. Fred Annegers, J. David Curb, Siegfried Heyden, Christopher Howson, Eun Sul Lee, Marshall Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


The effect of caffeine consumption on mortality was evaluated in a historical cohort study of 10,064 diagnosed hypertensive individuals participating in the Hypertension Detection and Follow-up Program from 1973 to 1979. Total caffeine intake level from beverages (coffee and tea) and certain medications, was estimated at the 1-year visit. No evidence was found supporting an association between increased level of caffeine consumption and increased all-cause mortality or cardiovascular disease mortality during the following 4 years. Cigarette smoking was significantly associated with mortality; the association being more pronounced among non- and low-caffeine consumers for all-cause mortality and among noncaffeine consumers for all cardiovascular mortality except cerebrovascular mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)310-320
Number of pages11
JournalPreventive medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1988
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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