Morphology of the oviducts and endometria of cynomolgus macaques during the menstrual cycle.

R. M. Brenner, K. S. Carlisle, D. L. Hess, B. A. Sandow, N. B. West

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    45 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    We sampled the reproductive tracts of 27 cynomolgus macaques during the menstrual cycle and correlated the cytologic changes in the oviductal epithelium with changes in the serum levels of estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P) and with the histology of the ovaries and the endometria. We identified an orderly sequence of changes in the oviductal epithelium from the early follicular to the late luteal phase, and we classified this sequence into eight stages, named as follows: preciliogenic, ciliogenic, ciliogenic-ciliated, ciliated-ciliogenic, ciliated-secretory, early regression, late regression and full regression. The preciliogenic and ciliogenic phases were coincident with menses and the early follicular phase. The ciliogenic-ciliated, ciliated-ciliogenic and ciliated-secretory phases during which the oviductal epithelium became progressively more differentiated were coincident, respectively, with the midfollicular, late follicular and periovulatory phases of the cycle. The early, late and full regression stages during which the epithelium became progressively more atrophied, deciliated and nonsecretory were coincident, respectively, with the early, mid and late luteal phases of the cycle. The cyclic changes in the endometrium of cynomolgus macaques were similar to those reported for the rhesus macaque.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1289-1302
    Number of pages14
    JournalBiology of reproduction
    Volume29
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Dec 1983

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Reproductive Medicine
    • Cell Biology

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