Morphology and electrophysiology of guinea pig gastric mucosal repair in vitro

M. J. Rutten, S. Ito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

133 Scopus citations

Abstract

Guinea pig gastric mucosa stripped of their outer muscle layers were studied in Ussing chambers for up to 14 h. Ten minutes after the mucosa were monitored in the chamber, the electrical parameters were low but continued to rise over 90 min until steady-state potential difference (PD), resistance (R), and short-circuit current (I(sc)) were recorded. Morphological analysis during the first 10 min of the tissue in the chamber revealed gaps in the epithelium due to damaged cells. However, tissues examined after 20 min in the chamber showed little evidence of epithelial discontinuity. Thereafter, the initial rise in the electrical parameters was noted. After steady-state attainment, the lumen was exposed to 1.25 M NaCl for 5 min and then changed back to 150 mM NaCl. Ten minutes after washout and return to control solutions, the PD, R, and I(sc) had fallen to low values. At 30 min after washout of the NaCl, the PD, R, and I(sc) began to increase and after 2 h were back to control values. Morphological analysis of mucosae fixed up to 10 min after exposure to 1.25 M NaCl showed extensive damage and exfoliation of surface cells. However, by 30 min the epithelium was restored and had very few discontinuities, which was then followed by the return of the electrical parameters. The conclusions from these studies are 1) guinea pig gastric mucosae exposed to hypertonic NaCl on the luminal side will primarily result in surface epithelial cell destruction with an immediate drop in the transepithelial electrical values; 2) after return to isotonic saline the damaged mucosa can repair itself within minutes, which then allows the reestablishment of the transepithelial electrical parameters by 2 h; and 3) the good viability and reproducibility of this preparation present a suitable mammalian model system for the study of factors of mucosal repair.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)G171-G182
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Physiology (medical)

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