More Falls in Cerebellar Ataxia When Standing on a Slow Up-Moving Tilt of the Support Surface

Caroline Paquette, Erika Franzén, Fay B. Horak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

We investigated how subjects with cerebellar ataxia (CA) adapt their postural stability and alignment to a slow and small tilt of the support surface allowing for online postural corrections. Eight subjects with CA and eight age- and gender-matched healthy control subjects participated in the study. Subjects stood eyes closed for 1 min after which the support surface was tilted 5° toes-up at a ramp velocity of 1°/s. The toes-up position was held for 2.5 min after which the surface rotated back down to level with identical tilt characteristics. As reflected by the large number of falls, subjects with CA had marked difficulty adapting their posture to the up-moving incline in contrast to control subjects. Subjects with CA who lost their balance had faster trunk velocity and excessive backward trunk reorientation beginning within the first second after onset of the tilting surface. In contrast, the down-moving tilt to level did not result in instability in CA subjects. These results suggest that instability and falls associated with CA derive from an inability to maintain trunk orientation to vertical while standing on a slow-moving or unstable surface. This study underscores the importance of the cerebellum in the online sensory control of the upper body orientation during small amplitude and slow velocity movements of the support surface.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)336-342
Number of pages7
JournalCerebellum
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

Keywords

  • Accidental fall
  • Motor activities
  • Movement disorders
  • Postural balance
  • Torso

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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