Treatment of human autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS) will likely require agents that can prevent or reverse the inflammatory process that results in clinical relapses and disease progression. We evaluated the ability of a newly designed monomeric recombinant TCR ligand (RTL342M) containing HLA-DR2 peptide-binding domains covalently linked to MOG-35-55 peptide to prevent and treat both the initial episode and subsequent relapses of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in HLA-DR2 transgenic mice. Single doses of RTL342M given either i.v. or s.c. to HLA-DR2 mice produced a rapid (within 24 h) and dose-dependent reversal of clinical signs of paralytic EAE, and even a single dose ≤ 2 μg could produce a significant treatment effect. Multiple daily doses were even more effective than the same total amount of RTL given as a single dose. By establishing the minimal effective dose, we determined that RTLs may be 50 times more potent than molar equivalent doses of myelin peptide alone. RTL342M given prior to induction of EAE prevented disease in most mice, and the remainder could be successfully retreated with RTL. Most important for clinical application, RTL342M was highly effective for treating EAE relapses when given periodically prior to the relapse or even after relapses had occurred. These data demonstrate the rapid and potent clinical effects of RTL342M at disease onset and during relapses in EAE and establish important principles governing the application of this novel approach as a possible therapy for patients with MS.
- Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis
- Minimum effective dose
- Multiple sclerosis
- Myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein
- Recombinant TCR ligand
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy