Momentary increase in plasma calcitonin gene-related peptide is involved in hot flashes in men treated with castration for carcinoma of the prostate

Peter A.S. Johnstone, Joel T. McFarland, Robert H. Riffenburgh, Christopher L. Amling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: In women the vasodilatory neuropeptides calcitonin gene-related peptide and neuropeptide Y seem to be involved in menopausal hot flashes. We assessed whether plasma calcitonin gene-related peptide and neuropeptide Y change during hot flashes in men after castration. Materials and Methods: We evaluated 10 men 61 to 81 years old who underwent castration due to cancer of the prostate and had frequent hot flashes for changes in plasma calcitonin gene-related peptide and neuropeptide Y during 1 day at the outpatient clinic. At least 5 blood samples were obtained between flashes and 4 were obtained during each flash. The samples were analyzed for calcitonin gene-related peptide and neuropeptide Y using radioimmunoassay technique. Hot flashes were objectively recorded by measuring peripheral skin temperature and skin conductance. Results: Plasma calcitonin gene-related peptide increased 46% (95% confidence interval 21 to 71) during flashes in the 6 men in whom it was measurable. This change was statistically significant (p=0.028). The concentration of neuropeptide Y was below the detection limit. Skin conductance and temperature increased significantly during flashes. Conclusions: Calcitonin gene-related peptide is involved in the mechanisms of hot flashes in men who underwent castration due to prostate carcinoma. Thus, there may be a similar mechanism of hot flashes in women and in men deprived of sex steroids.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1720-1723
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume166
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

Keywords

  • Calcitonin gene-related peptide
  • Carcinoma
  • Castration
  • Hot flashes
  • Prostate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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