Molecular diagnostics.

Rita M. Braziel, Margaret A. Shipp, Andrew L. Feldman, Virginia Espina, Mary Winters, Elaine S. Jaffe, Emanuel F. Petricoin, Lance A. Liotta

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

It is increasingly evident that molecular diagnostics, that is, the use of diagnostic testing to understand the molecular mechanisms of an individual patient's disease, will be pivotal in the delivery of safe and effective therapy for many diseases in the future. A huge body of new information on the genetic, genomic and proteomic profiles of different hematopoietic diseases is accumulating. This chapter focuses on new technologies and advancements in understanding the molecular basis of hematologic disorders, providing an overview of new information and its significance to patient care. In Section I, Dr. Braziel discusses the impact of new genetic information and research technologies on the actual practice of diagnostic molecular hematopathology. Recent and projected changes in methodologies and analytical strategies used by clinical molecular diagnostics laboratories for the evaluation of hematologic disorders will be discussed, and some of the challenges to clinical implementation of new molecular information and techniques will be highlighted. In Section II, Dr. Shipp provides an update on current scientific knowledge in the genomic profiling of malignant lymphomas, and describes some of the technical aspects of gene expression profiling. Analysis methods and the actual and potential clinical and therapeutic applications of information obtained from genomic profiling of malignant lymphomas are discussed. In Section III, Dr. Liotta presents an update on proteomic analysis, a new and very active area of research in hematopoietic malignancies. He describes new technologies for rapid identification of different important proteins and protein networks, and the potential therapeutic and prognostic value of the elucidation of these proteins and protein pathways in the clinical care of patients with malignant lymphomas.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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    Braziel, R. M., Shipp, M. A., Feldman, A. L., Espina, V., Winters, M., Jaffe, E. S., Petricoin, E. F., & Liotta, L. A. (2003). Molecular diagnostics. Hematology / the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology. American Society of Hematology. Education Program, 279-293. https://doi.org/10.1182/asheducation-2003.1.279