Two mercurial-inhibitable water-transporting proteins have been identified: CHIP28, an erythrocyte water channel also expressed in kidney tubules and selected extrarenal epithelia, and WCH-CD, a kidney collecting duct water channel. In searching for a protein responsible for the high transcellular water permeability in lung alveolus, we cloned a 32-kDa water channel (mercurial-insensitive water channel (MIWC)) from a rat lung cDNA library with several novel features. Water permeability was strongly increased in Xenopus oocytes expressing MIWC in a mercurial-insensitive manner, in contrast to known water channels. By in situ hybridization, MIWC showed an unique distribution in cells that do not express CHIP28, including kidney papillary vasa recta, cells lining the subarachnoid space and ventricles in brain, the inner nuclear layer in retina, and the conjunctival epithelium. An alternatively spliced form of MIWC with a 165-base pair deletion in the coding sequence was also identified; relative expression of the spliced mRNA was tissue-specific. The MIWC water channel may participate in the urinary concentrating mechanism, the absorption of cerebrospinal fluid, and other physiological processes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Feb 25 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology