Molecular basis of aflatoxin-induced mutagenesis-role of the aflatoxin B1-formamidopyrimidine adduct

Ying Chih Lin, Liang Li, Alena V. Makarova, Peter M. Burgers, Michael P. Stone, Robert (Stephen) Lloyd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is a known carcinogen associated with early-onset hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and is thought to contribute to over half a million new HCCs per year. Although some of the fundamental risk factors are established, the molecular basis of AFB1-induced mutagenesis in primate cells has not been rigorously investigated. To gain insights into genome instability that is produced as a result of replicating DNAs containing AFB1 adducts, site-specific mutagenesis assays were used to establish the mutagenic potential of the persistent ring-opened AFB1 adduct, AFB1-formamidopyrimidine (AFB1-FAPY). This lesion was highly mutagenic, yielding replication error frequencies of 97%, with the predominant base substitution being a G to T transversion. This transversion is consistent with previous mutational data derived from aflatoxin-associated HCCs. In vitro translesion synthesis assays demonstrated that polymerase (pol) ζ was the most likely candidate polymerase that is responsible for the G to T mutations induced by this adduct.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberbgu003
Pages (from-to)1461-1468
Number of pages8
JournalCarcinogenesis
Volume35
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

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Aflatoxin B1
Aflatoxins
Mutagenesis
Genomic Instability
Site-Directed Mutagenesis
Carcinogens
Primates
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Mutation
aflatoxin B1-formamidopyrimidine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research

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Molecular basis of aflatoxin-induced mutagenesis-role of the aflatoxin B1-formamidopyrimidine adduct. / Lin, Ying Chih; Li, Liang; Makarova, Alena V.; Burgers, Peter M.; Stone, Michael P.; Lloyd, Robert (Stephen).

In: Carcinogenesis, Vol. 35, No. 7, bgu003, 2014, p. 1461-1468.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lin, Ying Chih ; Li, Liang ; Makarova, Alena V. ; Burgers, Peter M. ; Stone, Michael P. ; Lloyd, Robert (Stephen). / Molecular basis of aflatoxin-induced mutagenesis-role of the aflatoxin B1-formamidopyrimidine adduct. In: Carcinogenesis. 2014 ; Vol. 35, No. 7. pp. 1461-1468.
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