Molecular and phylogenetic characterization of novel papillomaviruses isolated from oral and anogenital neoplasms of japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata)

Lucijan Skubic, Lea Hošnjak, Jeannette P. Staheli, Michael R. Dyen, Rebecca M. Ducore, Lois M.A. Colgin, Anne D. Lewis, Mario Poljak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Papillomaviruses (PVs) are a diverse group of host species-specific DNA viruses, etiolog-ically linked with various benign and malignant neoplasms of cutaneous and mucosal epithelia. Here, we describe the detection and characterization of the first two PVs naturally infecting Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata), including the determination of their etiological association(s) with the development of original neoplasms. The molecular and phylogenetic analyses were performed on complete genome sequences of Macaca fuscata PV types 1 (MfuPV1) and 2 (MfuPV2), which were completely sequenced in samples of a malignant oral tumor and benign anogenital neoplasm of Japanese macaques, respectively. Subsequently, two type-specific quantitative real-time PCRs were developed to estimate viral loads of MfuPV1 and MfuPV2 and to evaluate their etiological roles. The in silico molecular analyses revealed that both viral genomes encode characteristic PV proteins with conserved functional domains and have a non-coding genomic region with regulatory sequences to regulate and complete the viral life cycle. However, additional experimental evidence is needed to finally confirm the presence and biological functionality of the molecular features of both novel PVs. While MfuPV1, together with PVs identified in other macaques, is classified into the Alphapapillomavirus (Alpha-PV) species 12, MfuPV2 is most likely a representative of the novel viral species within the Alpha-PV genus. Their relatively high viral loads suggest that both PVs are etiologically linked with the development of the original neoplasms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number630
JournalViruses
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alphapapillomavirus
  • Macaca fuscata
  • Molecular analysis
  • Papillomavirus
  • Phylogenetic analysis
  • Viral load

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Molecular and phylogenetic characterization of novel papillomaviruses isolated from oral and anogenital neoplasms of japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this