A mouse embryonal carcinoma cell line isolated for resistance to the adenine analogue 2,6-diaminopurine (DAP) was found to have near-wild-type levels of adenine phosphoribosyltransferase (APRT) activity in a cell-free assay. This DAP-resistant (DAPr) cell line, termed H29D1, also exhibited near-wild-type levels of adenine accumulation and the ability to grow in medium containing azaserine and adenine. Growth in this medium requires high levels of intracellular APRT activity. Using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and the dideoxy chain termination sequencing technique, an A → G transition was discovered in exon 3 of the aprt gene in H29D1. This mutation resulted in an Arg-to-Gln change at amino acid 87 of the APRT protein that, in turn, resulted in a decreased affinity for adenine. An increased sensitivity of APRT to inhibition by AMP was observed when comparing H29D1 to P19, the parental cell line. Using a transgene containing the A → G mutation, we demonstrated that this mutation is responsible for the biochemical and cellular phenotypes observed for the H29D1 cell line. The approach used in this study provides a definitive method for linking a mutation to a specific cellular phenotype.
- adenine phosphoribosyltransferase
- base-pair substitution
- polymerase chain reaction
- structure-function relationship
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Molecular Biology