Modulation of RNA expression by intracellular calcium: Existence of a threshold calcium concentration for induction of VL30 RNA by epidermal growth factor, endothelin, and protein kinase C

Karin D. Rodland, Leslie Muldoon, Philippe Lenormand, Bruce E. Magun

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Abstract

We investigated the role of intracellular [Ca2+] in mediating the independent signal transduction pathways leading to induction of VL30 RNA expression by multiple agonists in the Rat-1-derived RVL-3 cell line. This cell line contains a single integrated VL30 element, and displays a rapid transcriptional activation of VL30 following stimulation by epidermal growth factor, endothelin, or the phorbol ester tumor promoter 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol acetate (Rodland, K. D., Brown, A. M. C., and Magun, B. E. (1987) M. Cell. Biol. 7, 2296-2298). Neither epidermal growth factor nor endothelin is dependent upon protein kinase C for activation of VL30 expression, as both of these agonists induce normal levels of VL30 RNA expression, even in cells which have been severely depleted of protein kinase C following chronic 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol acetate exposure (2). Induction of VL30 RNA expression by either endothelin or 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol acetate was blocked by concomitant exposure of RVL-3 cells to the intracellular Ca2+-chelating agent 1,2-bis(o-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N′,N′-tetraacetic acid at a concentration sufficient to buffer intracellular [Ca2+] below 200 nM, and VL30 RNA was induced by the application of the Ca2+ ionophore A23187 in the absence of agonist. Normal levels of VL30 expression in response to epidermal growth factor were observed at 165 nM [Ca2+], but were significantly inhibited at 115 nM [Ca2+]. Both the protein kinase C-dependent and protein kinase C-independent pathways leading to VL30 transcription were dependent upon the presence of an intracellular [Ca2+] exceeding 115 nM. The dependence upon intracellular Ca2+ transients for transcriptional induction by endothelin appears to be a characteristic of VL30 expression, as 1,2-bis(o-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N′,N′-tetraacetic acid treatment did not prevent the endothelin-induced transcription of the protooncogenes c-jun and c-fos.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11000-11007
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume265
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - Jul 5 1990

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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