Modifiable lifestyle factors affecting bone health using calcaneus quantitative ultrasound in adolescent girls

M. L. Robinson, K. Winters-Stone, K. Gabel, D. Dolny

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Summary: One hundred and fourteen girls were measured for calcaneus QUS (stiffness index score), calcium intake, weight, and total hours spent in physical activity (moderate to high-impact activities and low to no-impact activities). Multiple regression analysis indicated that hours spent in moderate to high-impact activities, current calcium intake, and weight significantly predicted SI. Introduction: To determine the influence of modifiable lifestyle factors on adolescent girls' bone health measured by calcaneus quantitative ultrasound (QUS). One hundred and fourteen girls, ages 14-18 (15.97±.7), enrolled in high school physical education classes, were measured for calcaneus QUS (stiffness index score), height, weight, current calcium intake from 2-3 day food records, and estimated total hours spent in physical activity from kindergarten to present. Cumulative physical activity hours were separated into two classifications (according to their estimated strain from ground reaction force): moderate to high-impact activities and low to no-impact activities. Results: Pearson correlations between stiffness index (SI) and age, height, weight, current calcium intake, and hours spent in moderate to high-impact versus low to no-impact activities indicated a positive relationships between SI and weight (r=.259, p=.005), current calcium intake (r=.286, p=.002), and hours spent in moderate to high-impact activities (r=.451, p<.001). Multiple regression between SI and the above independent variables indicated that collectively, hours spent in moderate to high-impact activities, current calcium intake, and weight (r 2=.363, p=<.001) significantly predicted SI. Conclusion: Our data indicate that moderate to high-impact activities, current calcium intake, and weight positively influence bone properties of the calcaneus in adolescent girls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1101-1107
Number of pages7
JournalOsteoporosis International
Volume18
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2007

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Bone assessment
  • Calcium intake
  • Physical activity
  • Quantitative ultrasound
  • Weight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Modifiable lifestyle factors affecting bone health using calcaneus quantitative ultrasound in adolescent girls'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this