Mitral annular size predicts Alfieri stitch tension in mitral edge-to-edge repair

Tomasz A. Timek, Sten L. Nielsen, David T. Lai, Frederick Tibayan, David Liang, George T. Daughters, Philip Beineke, Trevor Hastie, Neil B. Ingels, D. Craig Miller

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    22 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Background and aim of the study: Whilst increased 'Alfieri stitch' tension may reduce the durability of 'edge-to-edge' mitral repair, the factors affecting suture tension are unknown. In order to study hemodynamics and left ventricular (LV) and annular dynamics that determine suture tension, the central edge of the mitral leaflets was approximated with a miniature force transducer to measure leaflet tension (T) at the leaflet approximation point. Methods: Eight sheep were studied under open-chest conditions immediately after surgical placement of a force transducer and implantation of radiopaque markers on the left ventricle and mitral annulus (MA). Hemodynamic variables were altered by two caval occlusion steps (AVI and AV2) and dobutamine infusion. Three-dimensional marker coordinates were obtained by simultaneous biplane videofluoroscopy to measure LV volume, MA area (MAA) and septal-lateral (SL) annular dimension throughout the cardiac cycle. Results: At baseline, peak Alfieri stitch tension (0.30 ± 0.18 N) was observed 96 ± 61 ms prior to end-dias-tole coincident with peak annular SL diameter (98 ± 58 ms before end-diastole). Dobutamine infusion decreased suture tension (from 0.30 ± 0.18 N to 0.20 ± 0.12 N, p = 0.01), although peak systolic pressure increased significantly (138 ± 19 versus 115 ± 14 mmHg; p = 0.03). A regression model was fitted with the goal of interpreting the hemodynamic and geometric predictors of tension as their influence varied with time: Tt (N) = 0.1916 + 0.2115 x SL (cm) -0.1996 x MAA/SL (cm2/cm) + ft x LVP (mmHg), where Tt is tension at any time during the cardiac cycle and ft is the time-varying coefficient of LVR Conclusion: Tension on the leaflets in the edge-to-edge repair is determined primarily by MA SL size, and paradoxically is lower when the contractile state is enhanced. This indicates that annular and/or LV dilatation increase stitch tension and may adversely affect durability of the repair if concomitant ring annuloplasty is not performed.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)165-173
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Heart Valve Disease
    Volume13
    Issue number2
    StatePublished - Mar 1 2004

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Timek, T. A., Nielsen, S. L., Lai, D. T., Tibayan, F., Liang, D., Daughters, G. T., Beineke, P., Hastie, T., Ingels, N. B., & Miller, D. C. (2004). Mitral annular size predicts Alfieri stitch tension in mitral edge-to-edge repair. Journal of Heart Valve Disease, 13(2), 165-173.