Minimizing variance in pediatric gastrostomy: Does standardized perioperative feeding plan decrease cost and improve outcomes?

Rachel Sunstrom, Nicholas Hamilton, Elizabeth Fialkowski, Katrine Lofberg, Julie McKee, Thomas Sims, Sanjay Krishnaswami, Kenneth Azarow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: A protocol for laparoscopic gastrostomy placement was implemented which specified perioperative antibiotics, feeding regimens, and discharge criteria. Our hypothesis was that hospital cost could be decreased, whereas at the same time improving or maintaining patient outcomes. Methods: Data were collected on consecutive patients beginning 6 months after implementation of our protocol. We recorded surgeon compliance, patient outcomes (as defined by 30-day NSQIP complication rates), and cost of initial hospitalization, which was then compare to a 6-month historical control period. Results: Our control group n = 26 and protocol group n = 39. Length of stay was shorter in the protocol group (P ≤ .05 by nonparametric analysis). The complication rate was similar in both groups (23% control vs 15% protocol, P = .43). Initial hospital costs were not different. Surgeon compliance to protocol was 82%. Conclusions: A standard protocol is achievable for gastrostomy tube management. After implementation of our protocol, we were able to show a significant decrease in length of stay, whereas maintaining quality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Nov 5 2015

Keywords

  • Gastrostomy
  • Minimizing variance
  • Pediatric surgery
  • Standardizing care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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