Mind-body practices: An alternative, drug-free treatment for smoking cessation? A systematic review of the literature

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The limited success of current smoking cessation therapies encourages research into new treatment strategies. Mind-body practices such as yoga and meditation have the potential to aid smoking cessation and become an alternative drug-free treatment option. The aim of this article is to assess the efficacy of yoga and other meditation-based interventions for smoking cessation, to identify the challenges of clinical trials applying mind-body treatments, and to outline directions for future research on these types of therapies to assist in smoking cessation. Methods: A systematic review of the scientific literature. Results: Fourteen clinical trials met the inclusion criteria defined for this review. Each article was reviewed thoroughly, and evaluated for quality, design, and methodology. Although primary outcomes differed between studies, the fourteen articles, most with limitations, reported promising effects supporting further investigation of the use of these practices to improve smoking cessation. Conclusions: The literature supports yoga and meditation-based therapies as candidates to assist smoking cessation. However, the small number of studies available and associated methodological problems require more clinical trials with larger sample sizes and carefully monitored interventions to determine rigorously if yoga and meditation are effective treatments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)399-410
Number of pages12
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Volume132
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2013

Keywords

  • Cigarette craving
  • Meditation
  • Mindfulness
  • Nicotine dependence
  • Systematic review
  • Yoga

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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