Migration of skin-homing T cells across cytokine-activated human endothelial cell layers involves interaction of the cutaneous lymphocyte-associated antigen (CLA), the very late antigen-4 (VLA-4), and the lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1)

Luis F. Santamaria Babi, Rene Moser, M. Teresa Perez Soler, Louis Picker, Kurt Blaser, Conrad Hauser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

117 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The cutaneous lymphocyte-associated Ag (CLA) is expressed by a subset of circulating memory/effector T cells and by the vast majority of skin-infiltrating T cells. CLA is thought to target skin-associated T cells to inflammatory skin sites by interacting with endothelial cell ligand E-selectin (CD62E). We have examined adhesion molecules involved in the migration of human CLA+ and CLA- memory/effector T lymphocytes through IL-1- and TNF-α-activated and nonactivated HUVEC layers under static (nonflow) conditions. CLA-enriched memory/effector T lymphocytes migrated more actively across cytokine-activated HUVEC than CLA-depleted memory/effector T cells. This enhanced migration is dependent on the CLA/E-selectin interaction. mAb to very late Ag-4 (VLA-4) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) blocked the migration of CLA-enriched, but not of CLA-depleted, T cells across activated HUVEC. The observation that anti-VLA-4 and anti-CLA mAb did not show additional inhibition supports the concept that CLA and VLA-4 are sequentially involved in the extravasation. The fact that only CLA+ T cells were inhibited by the anti-VLA-4 mAb suggests that, in this system, CLA engagement is required for using the VLA-4/VCAM-1 pathway. Our studies demonstrate that CLA+ T cells use LFA-1/intercellular leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) for transmigration but that CLA expression is not required for the LFA-1/ICAM-1-dependent transmigration because anti-CD18/CD11a mAbs and anti-ICAM-1 mAbs were able to block T cell migration regardless of the activation state of HUVEC or the CLA expression by T cells. Taken together, our results suggest that CLA has a homing function in conducting the T cell to interact with LFA-1/ICAM-1 and/or VLA-4/ VCAM-1; this results in enhanced adhesion and migration across cytokine-activated endothelial cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1543-1550
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume154
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 15 1995
Externally publishedYes

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Integrin alpha4beta1
Lymphocyte Function-Associated Antigen-1
Endothelial Cells
Lymphocytes
Cytokines
T-Lymphocytes
Antigens
Skin
Cell Adhesion Molecules
Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1
Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1
E-Selectin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

Cite this

Migration of skin-homing T cells across cytokine-activated human endothelial cell layers involves interaction of the cutaneous lymphocyte-associated antigen (CLA), the very late antigen-4 (VLA-4), and the lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1). / Santamaria Babi, Luis F.; Moser, Rene; Perez Soler, M. Teresa; Picker, Louis; Blaser, Kurt; Hauser, Conrad.

In: Journal of Immunology, Vol. 154, No. 4, 15.02.1995, p. 1543-1550.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Migration of skin-homing T cells across cytokine-activated human endothelial cell layers involves interaction of the cutaneous lymphocyte-associated antigen (CLA), the very late antigen-4 (VLA-4), and the lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1)",
abstract = "The cutaneous lymphocyte-associated Ag (CLA) is expressed by a subset of circulating memory/effector T cells and by the vast majority of skin-infiltrating T cells. CLA is thought to target skin-associated T cells to inflammatory skin sites by interacting with endothelial cell ligand E-selectin (CD62E). We have examined adhesion molecules involved in the migration of human CLA+ and CLA- memory/effector T lymphocytes through IL-1- and TNF-α-activated and nonactivated HUVEC layers under static (nonflow) conditions. CLA-enriched memory/effector T lymphocytes migrated more actively across cytokine-activated HUVEC than CLA-depleted memory/effector T cells. This enhanced migration is dependent on the CLA/E-selectin interaction. mAb to very late Ag-4 (VLA-4) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) blocked the migration of CLA-enriched, but not of CLA-depleted, T cells across activated HUVEC. The observation that anti-VLA-4 and anti-CLA mAb did not show additional inhibition supports the concept that CLA and VLA-4 are sequentially involved in the extravasation. The fact that only CLA+ T cells were inhibited by the anti-VLA-4 mAb suggests that, in this system, CLA engagement is required for using the VLA-4/VCAM-1 pathway. Our studies demonstrate that CLA+ T cells use LFA-1/intercellular leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) for transmigration but that CLA expression is not required for the LFA-1/ICAM-1-dependent transmigration because anti-CD18/CD11a mAbs and anti-ICAM-1 mAbs were able to block T cell migration regardless of the activation state of HUVEC or the CLA expression by T cells. Taken together, our results suggest that CLA has a homing function in conducting the T cell to interact with LFA-1/ICAM-1 and/or VLA-4/ VCAM-1; this results in enhanced adhesion and migration across cytokine-activated endothelial cells.",
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T1 - Migration of skin-homing T cells across cytokine-activated human endothelial cell layers involves interaction of the cutaneous lymphocyte-associated antigen (CLA), the very late antigen-4 (VLA-4), and the lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1)

AU - Santamaria Babi, Luis F.

AU - Moser, Rene

AU - Perez Soler, M. Teresa

AU - Picker, Louis

AU - Blaser, Kurt

AU - Hauser, Conrad

PY - 1995/2/15

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N2 - The cutaneous lymphocyte-associated Ag (CLA) is expressed by a subset of circulating memory/effector T cells and by the vast majority of skin-infiltrating T cells. CLA is thought to target skin-associated T cells to inflammatory skin sites by interacting with endothelial cell ligand E-selectin (CD62E). We have examined adhesion molecules involved in the migration of human CLA+ and CLA- memory/effector T lymphocytes through IL-1- and TNF-α-activated and nonactivated HUVEC layers under static (nonflow) conditions. CLA-enriched memory/effector T lymphocytes migrated more actively across cytokine-activated HUVEC than CLA-depleted memory/effector T cells. This enhanced migration is dependent on the CLA/E-selectin interaction. mAb to very late Ag-4 (VLA-4) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) blocked the migration of CLA-enriched, but not of CLA-depleted, T cells across activated HUVEC. The observation that anti-VLA-4 and anti-CLA mAb did not show additional inhibition supports the concept that CLA and VLA-4 are sequentially involved in the extravasation. The fact that only CLA+ T cells were inhibited by the anti-VLA-4 mAb suggests that, in this system, CLA engagement is required for using the VLA-4/VCAM-1 pathway. Our studies demonstrate that CLA+ T cells use LFA-1/intercellular leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) for transmigration but that CLA expression is not required for the LFA-1/ICAM-1-dependent transmigration because anti-CD18/CD11a mAbs and anti-ICAM-1 mAbs were able to block T cell migration regardless of the activation state of HUVEC or the CLA expression by T cells. Taken together, our results suggest that CLA has a homing function in conducting the T cell to interact with LFA-1/ICAM-1 and/or VLA-4/ VCAM-1; this results in enhanced adhesion and migration across cytokine-activated endothelial cells.

AB - The cutaneous lymphocyte-associated Ag (CLA) is expressed by a subset of circulating memory/effector T cells and by the vast majority of skin-infiltrating T cells. CLA is thought to target skin-associated T cells to inflammatory skin sites by interacting with endothelial cell ligand E-selectin (CD62E). We have examined adhesion molecules involved in the migration of human CLA+ and CLA- memory/effector T lymphocytes through IL-1- and TNF-α-activated and nonactivated HUVEC layers under static (nonflow) conditions. CLA-enriched memory/effector T lymphocytes migrated more actively across cytokine-activated HUVEC than CLA-depleted memory/effector T cells. This enhanced migration is dependent on the CLA/E-selectin interaction. mAb to very late Ag-4 (VLA-4) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) blocked the migration of CLA-enriched, but not of CLA-depleted, T cells across activated HUVEC. The observation that anti-VLA-4 and anti-CLA mAb did not show additional inhibition supports the concept that CLA and VLA-4 are sequentially involved in the extravasation. The fact that only CLA+ T cells were inhibited by the anti-VLA-4 mAb suggests that, in this system, CLA engagement is required for using the VLA-4/VCAM-1 pathway. Our studies demonstrate that CLA+ T cells use LFA-1/intercellular leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) for transmigration but that CLA expression is not required for the LFA-1/ICAM-1-dependent transmigration because anti-CD18/CD11a mAbs and anti-ICAM-1 mAbs were able to block T cell migration regardless of the activation state of HUVEC or the CLA expression by T cells. Taken together, our results suggest that CLA has a homing function in conducting the T cell to interact with LFA-1/ICAM-1 and/or VLA-4/ VCAM-1; this results in enhanced adhesion and migration across cytokine-activated endothelial cells.

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