Migration of Chlorophenolic Compounds at the Chemical Waste Disposal Site at Alkali Lake, Oregon —1. Site Description and Ground‐Water Flow

James F. Pankow, Richard L. Johnson, James E. Houck, Susan M. Brillante, W. Jerry Bryan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations


The hydrogeology of the chemical waste disposal site in the closed basin at Alkali Lake, Oregon has been examined. Interest in the site is due to the burial (November 1976) of 25,000 drums of herbicide manufacturing residues in unlined trenches on the playa of the basin. Included in the wastes were large amounts of chlorophenols and polymeric chlorophenoxyphenols. The flow of the alkaline (pH ∼10) ground water in the site area is driven by: (1) springs which create a mound east of the site; and (2) the sump effect of “West Alkali Lake,” a topographic low to the west of the site. Porosity, bulk mass densities, and grain‐size distributions were determined. At one piezometer, the depth to ground water ranged between 0.9 m and 2.2 m. With the bottoms of the trenches in which the chemicals were buried between 0.60 and 0.75 m below the level of the ground surface, the bottom portions of the trenches may, at least occasionally, be in direct contact with the ground water.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)593-601
Number of pages9
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1984


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Computers in Earth Sciences

Cite this