Midline cleft. Treatment of the bifid nose.

P. J. Miller, D. Grinberg, T. D. Wang

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Midline facial clefts are rare deformities with a wide range of clinical findings from a simple midline vermillion notch to major skeletal malformations, including orbital hypertelorism. The bifid nose is a relatively uncommon malformation that is frequently associated with hypertelorbitism and midline clefts of the lip. The presentation of a bifid nose ranges from a minimally noticeable midline nasal tip central groove to a complete clefting of the osteocartilaginous framework, resulting in 2 complete half noses. We describe our experience with 2 patients with midface clefts who presented with bifid noses and a variety of other congenital abnormalities. The anatomy, extensive treatment, and complications of the bifid nose are discussed. DESIGN: Retrospective case review and literature review. RESULTS: Successful creation of an aesthetic nasal contour and normal nasal function was achieved without complication via extensive skin, bony, and cartilaginous resection. CONCLUSIONS: The bifid nose challenges the rhinoplasty surgeon. A successful outcome is dependent on a thorough understanding of the bifid nasal anatomy, proper patient evaluation, careful preoperative planning, and meticulous surgical technique.

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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