MicroRNA Regulates Hepatocytic Differentiation of Progenitor Cells by Targeting YAP1

Kwang Hwa Jung, Ryan L. Mccarthy, Chong Zhou, Nadima Uprety, Michelle Craig Barton, Laura Beretta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

MicroRNA expression profiling in human liver progenitor cells following hepatocytic differentiation identified miR-122 and miR-194 as the microRNAs most strongly upregulated during hepatocytic differentiation of progenitor cells. MiR-194 was also highly upregulated following hepatocytic differentiation of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs). Overexpression of miR-194 in progenitor cells accelerated their differentiation into hepatocytes, as measured by morphological features such as canaliculi and expression of hepatocytic markers. Overexpression of miR-194 in hESCs induced their spontaneous differentiation, a phenotype accompanied with accelerated loss of the pluripotent factors OCT4 and NANOG and decrease in mesoderm marker HAND1 expression. We then identified YAP1 as a direct target of miR-194. Inhibition of YAP1 strongly induced hepatocytic differentiation of progenitor cells and YAP1 overexpression reversed the miR-194-induced hepatocytic differentiation of progenitor cells. In conclusion, we identified miR-194 as a potent inducer of hepatocytic differentiation of progenitor cells and further identified YAP1 as a mediator of miR-194's effects on hepatocytic differentiation and liver progenitor cell fate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1284-1296
Number of pages13
JournalStem Cells
Volume34
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Differentiation
  • Hepatocytes
  • Progenitor cells
  • YAP1
  • miR-194

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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