Microbiologic and pathologic aspects of endodontics.

J. C. Baumgartner

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Oral microorganisms, either directly or indirectly, produce the majority of cases of pulpal and periapical disease. Because microorganisms play such an important role in the pathogenesis of pulpal and periapical disease, a fundamental understanding of the disease process is important. Culture studies have identified infections of endodontic origin as being polymicrobial and predominantly anaerobic. Although several species of bacteria have been associated with infections of endodontic origin, there is no absolute correlation with signs and symptoms. The use of immunologic studies in addition to traditional microbiologic studies provides a better understanding of the mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of pulpal and periapical disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)737-743
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent opinion in dentistry
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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